Basic Types of Enclosures

Screen enclosures are the perfect way to enjoy the outdoors without annoying bugs, cold winds, or bright sun. Adding an enclosure to your backyard or home will not only increase your outdoor enjoyment, but also add value and beauty to your home.

There are many different types of screen enclosures, however, that work with different parts or your home and backyard. Each type of screen enclosure has different attributes and design intentions that make it perfect for its job.

Before you begin thinking about what type of enclosure you need, you should learn the basic types. The basic types of screen enclosures are:

Screen Rooms

A screen room is a structure that has a solid roof and open, screened walls. Screen rooms are typically added on top of a patio or deck, or added onto a home. Screen rooms can have gabled or sloped roofs depending on your preference. Screen rooms are designed for outdoor sitting that is semi-protected from the elements.

Pool Enclosures

A pool enclosure is a type of screen enclosure designed to protect an outdoor swimming pool. They can be installed over above ground or in ground pools, and are perfect for keeping bugs and animals out as well as children. Pool enclosures are available in many different styles and materials, but all are see-through for visibility.


Sunrooms are glass enclosures that are designed for outdoor viewing while still having complete protection from the elements. As sunrooms are completely enclosed, you can control the environment much more than with a screen room. They do not have insulation, and can be built as an addition to your home or on top of decks or patios as long as the structures have substantial support.

Patio Covers

A patio cover is an enclosure that is not fully enclosed, but rather simply covers the top of an area. Patio covers are designed to protect an area from the sun and rain. Patio covers can be converted in screen rooms with the simple addition of screen walls. You can add a ceiling fan to a patio cover, and gutters come standard. Support posts for a patio cover can be installed directly into the ground or on top of a foundation for better support.


A pergola is similar to a patio cover, but it is more artistic and free standing. Pergolas protect you from the sun, but usually not the rain. They come in almost every size, shape, color, and style, so you can create a pergola that fits your design concept perfectly. Typically, a pergola covers a patio, deck, garden area, or pool area.

These are just the basic types of outdoor enclosures. Usually, if you have a specific need or request, a contractor can build whatever type of screen enclosure you want. Be sure to research the material you want your screen enclosure to be made of, as the material has a big impact on the design concept, longevity, and maintenance of your screen enclosure.

Source by Steven W

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